Fisheries Sector – National Policy on Marine Fisheries 2017

Fisheries Sector – National Policy on Marine Fisheries 2017

Fisheries Sector

India is second largest producer of fish in the world, & also ranks second in fish production through aquaculture. Marine Fisheries is the fastest growing food producing sector in the world with great potential to meet the food, especially protein requirement.

  • Earlier, government envisaged a program named ‘Blue Revolution’ based on integrated approach to tap India’s potential in the fisheries sector
  • After Meenakumari Report on deep sea fishing, government had decided to revise the existing Marine Fisheries policy of 2004.

 


National Policy on Marine Fisheries 2017

  • Aims to ensure the health & ecological integrity of marine living resources of India’s EEZ through sustainable harvests
  • Would be based on seven pillars, namely sustainable development, socioeconomic upliftment of fishers, principle of subsidiarity, partnership, inter-generational equity, gender justice & precautionary approach.

 

Provisions 
  • Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (to prevent accidents and trespassing)
  • chip-based smart registration cards for fishermen and their fishing vessels
  • Training and awareness would be given to fishermen to avoid crossing International marine boundary line
  • Integrated approach on fisheries management
  • Species-specific and area-specific management plans
  • Conservation of Ecologically Significant Areas, Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems & endangered species
  • Would blend traditional knowledge and scientific business principles
  • Use of IT & space technology for improving the capacities of fishing community
  • Traditional Use Rights for Fisheries would be continued
  • Commercializing Fisheries
  • Fisheries Data and Research + Mariculture farms + Island Fisheries
  • Diversifying fisheries trade with international bodies and eco-labelling of fishes + institutional credit to the fishers
  • Marine environment and Fisheries
  • Review and periodically evaluate existing marine protected areas
  • would provide legislative support to ensure tenure rights of traditional fishermen

 

Significance 
  • Monitoring will ensure that Indian fishing fleet do not engage in Illegal, Unreported & Unregulated fishing
  • Women SHGs would be promoted in the women dominated post-harvest sector of fisheries
  • Inline with SDG Goal 14 of conserving and sustainably using Oceans, Seas and Marine Resources
  • Boosting the primary sector of our economy

 

The policy recommends rescinding Letter of Permit scheme thus allowing private investments in deep sea fishing. This may threaten the small-scale and traditional fishers’ community.

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