Fisheries Sector – National Policy on Marine Fisheries 2017
India is second largest producer of fish in the world, & also ranks second in fish production through aquaculture. Marine Fisheries is the fastest growing food producing sector in the world with great potential to meet the food, especially protein requirement.
- Earlier, government envisaged a program named ‘Blue Revolution’ based on integrated approach to tap India’s potential in the fisheries sector
- After Meenakumari Report on deep sea fishing, government had decided to revise the existing Marine Fisheries policy of 2004.
National Policy on Marine Fisheries 2017
- Aims to ensure the health & ecological integrity of marine living resources of India’s EEZ through sustainable harvests
- Would be based on seven pillars, namely sustainable development, socioeconomic upliftment of fishers, principle of subsidiarity, partnership, inter-generational equity, gender justice & precautionary approach.
- Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (to prevent accidents and trespassing)
- chip-based smart registration cards for fishermen and their fishing vessels
- Training and awareness would be given to fishermen to avoid crossing International marine boundary line
- Integrated approach on fisheries management
- Species-specific and area-specific management plans
- Conservation of Ecologically Significant Areas, Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems & endangered species
- Would blend traditional knowledge and scientific business principles
- Use of IT & space technology for improving the capacities of fishing community
- Traditional Use Rights for Fisheries would be continued
- Commercializing Fisheries
- Fisheries Data and Research + Mariculture farms + Island Fisheries
- Diversifying fisheries trade with international bodies and eco-labelling of fishes + institutional credit to the fishers
- Marine environment and Fisheries
- Review and periodically evaluate existing marine protected areas
- would provide legislative support to ensure tenure rights of traditional fishermen
- Monitoring will ensure that Indian fishing fleet do not engage in Illegal, Unreported & Unregulated fishing
- Women SHGs would be promoted in the women dominated post-harvest sector of fisheries
- Inline with SDG Goal 14 of conserving and sustainably using Oceans, Seas and Marine Resources
- Boosting the primary sector of our economy
The policy recommends rescinding Letter of Permit scheme thus allowing private investments in deep sea fishing. This may threaten the small-scale and traditional fishers’ community.